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24 avril 2016 7 24 /04 /avril /2016 11:12

Congo signs landmark $200 mln deal to protect forests


http://news.trust.org/item/20160422154419-rt41t/




Source: Thomson Reuters Foundation - Fri, 22 Apr 2016 15:41 GMT

Author: Kieran Guilbert
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Enlarge image An aerial view of Garamba forest in Haute Uele region of northeastern Congo, Feb. 21, 2009. REUTERS/Finbarr O'Reilly/Files
An aerial view of Garamba forest in Haute Uele region of northeastern Congo, Feb. 21, 2009. REUTERS/Finbarr O'Reilly/Files
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DAKAR, April 22 (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - The Democratic Republic of Congo on Friday signed a landmark $200 million deal with donors to tackle deforestation and reduce carbon emissions as part of a wider plan to protect the tropical forests of the Congo Basin.


Congo, home to the world's second-largest rainforest after the Amazon, is the first country to sign an agreement with the Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI), launched in September 2015 by six African nations and European donor countries.


The initiative, which also covers Central African Republic, Cameroon, Congo Republic, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon, aims to restart protection efforts in the Congo Basin, which has become a target for the expansion of palm oil plantations as available land in Indonesia dwindles.


Protecting forests is widely seen as one of the cheapest and most effective ways to reduce the emissions driving global warming. Loss and degradation of forests account for about 15 percent of emissions each year, conservation groups say.


The project requires countries to create national investment plans to address the pressures driving deforestation, and aims to slow illegal logging and burning of forests that are vital to millions of people and endangered animals such as gorillas.


It is backed by funding from the European Union, Norway, Britain, France and Germany, and will receive technical advice from Brazil.


Norway's Minister of Climate and Environment Vidar Helgesen said the agreement should be thought of "as a compass".


"It sets the ambitious direction that DRC will take in order to avoid the kind of industrial deforestation that we have witnessed in other parts of the world," he said in a statement.


Forests in the Congo Basin cover about two million sq km (0.8 million sq miles) - about the size of Mexico - but are shrinking by 5,600 sq km a year.


Congo's biggest logging companies are systematically violating national laws to plunder the country's forests, campaign group Global Witness said in a report last year.


President Joseph Kabila has pledged to reform agriculture in Congo, which is rich in minerals and fertile land, but has seen decades of misrule and a series of conflicts since the 1990s.


Dozens of armed groups continue to prey on the local population and exploit the region's rich mineral deposits, and a political crisis is brewing over the possibility of Kabila seeking a third term in office, according to U.S. officials.


(Reporting By Kieran Guilbert, Editing by Ros Russell; Please credit the Thomson Reuters Foundation, the charitable arm of Thomson Reuters, that covers humanitarian news, women's rights, trafficking, corruption and climate change. Visit news.trust.org)

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  • : Congo Panorama. Le blog du soldat du peuple: Par Antoine Roger Lokongo, le Soldat du Peuple engagé dans la bataille des idées pour un Congo meilleur. Un Congo qui s'assume et devient un parténaire clé de la Chine, hier un pays sous-développé, qui, en un lapse de temps, a changé son destin en comptant sur ses propres efforts et devenu une puissance.
  • Congo Panorama. Le blog du soldat du peuple: Par Antoine Roger Lokongo, le Soldat du Peuple engagé dans la bataille des idées pour un Congo meilleur. Un Congo qui s'assume et devient un parténaire clé de la Chine, hier un pays sous-développé, qui, en un lapse de temps, a changé son destin en comptant sur ses propres efforts et devenu une puissance.
  • : A partir des idées de mes héros, Patrice Emery Lumumba et Laurent Désiré Kabila, je suis l'actualité politique de mon pays, la République Démocratique du Congo en partuclier et de l'Afrique en général et je donne mes commentaires. Antoine Roger Lokongo
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Hymne des Opprimés

  Ces CPP-ci sont la lumière des ouvriers
et des paysans,
ainsi que de tout opprimé.

Il n’y a point de doute d’abattre l’exploitation et de créer une juste société.

Notre serment est de ne jamais échouer,
enjoignons toutes nos forces en un faisceau,
tenons bien nos armes dans nos mains,
car ces CPP sont la force du peuple.


Dans sa noble cause,
jamais de spoliation.

Notre lutte revendique nos droits,
quoiqu’il en coûte,
jamais de servitude.


Pour les opprimés,
la Révolution est un rempart,
son ultime but est que le peuple gouverne.

Laurent Désiré Kabila,
lâchement assassiné le 16 janvier 2001.

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